Anti-Depressants and the Link to Teenage and Young Suicide Essay

Medication and Their Link to Adolescent and Teenage Suicide

Abstract

Two percent of preteens and five percent of adolescents suffer from despression symptoms (www.about-teen-depression.com 2004). There are specific signs or symptoms associated with despression symptoms, which are attractive detection in the illness. There are various ways to treat depression, such as medication , group therapy, and/or herbal supplements. You will find pros and cons with each treatment, but the most detrimental coincides with the medication В–suicide. Much studies have been conducted, which will be reviewed in the newspaper that has shown a link to antidepressants and suicide. Yet , there is also data that the suicide rate could possibly be decreased with proper diagnosis and early on, supervised treatment for depression, especially when dealing with children and adolescents. Introduction

Depression may be the newest outbreak sweeping around the world, affecting adults, teenagers, and even children. Actually surveys have indicated that one in every five teenagers suffer from clinical depression (NMHA 2004). The illness are available anywhere and appears to make the news every day. Depression is actually a condition that has no desire in its victims, meaning that it can strike many people coming from all ages, events, and qualification. However , research has indicated that the onset of despression symptoms is now occurring earlier anytime compared to past decades (Klerman and Weissman 1989). Knowing this, major depression is a state that needs to be treated immediately. There are plenty of signs and symptoms generally associated with depression, although most do vary with each individual. Most symptoms include repeated sadness, feelings of hopelessness, decreased activity, persistent boredom and low energy, sociable isolation, low self esteem, intense sensitivity, goes complaints of illness, poor concentration, and thoughts or expression of suicide (www.focusas.com). In order to be diagnosed as affected by depression, people must have 2 or more in the above symptoms for at least a couple weeks that cause severe problems or impact daily life (Zoloft 2001). The particular causes of major depression are not well-known. It is suggested that depression is actually a result of a combination of certain factors, such as neurological and psychological factors (Kendler 1995, www.surgeongeneral.gov 2004). Most likely, depression is definitely the result of a chemical discrepancy of neurotransmitters in the head (NYU 2004). These neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, help regulate mood and positive behavior. While a diagnosis of depression is critical, it really is only half the battle of fighting the illness. There are still a number of options to be treated that you must pick from, as well as suffering side effects that provide each treatment. Of all the therapies, antidepressants tend to have the most side effects. Some of the unwanted side effects common to all three types of antidepressants are: anxiety, nausea, confusion, heart problems, blurred vision, irritability, sleep problems, sexual disorder, weight gain, frustration, and stress (Cheung et al. 2003, Vanderkooy ain al. 2002). Some other, more serious, side effects will be difficulty urinating, decreased hunger, heart difficulties, and committing suicide (Simon and Stern 2003 - Review). It is the previous side effect, committing suicide, which has lately caused a few controversy inside the medical field. With recent exploration showing a correlation among antidepressants and suicide, as well as the FDA buying warning labels for suicide on antidepressant medication , doctors have to be mindful prescribing the drugs, especially to kids and children. Statistics show committing suicide to be the third leading reason for death amongst 13-19 season olds, with approximately 6000 suicide fatalities each year (Dickinson 1999). Due to statistics similar to this, the Nationwide Institute of Mental Wellness (NIMH) researchers are vying to find affluence to help prevent suicide amongst children and...

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